April 2009  Now Photographers Resource is Monthly   Edition 64


Welcome to the first of our monthly magazine editions. Up to now we have been producing Photographers Resource weekly, but from this edition we have gone monthly, so that we are able to undertake and complete far larger feature projects and give greater depth to our photography coverage. Photographers Resource now comes out the last day of each month, so remember as the month changes that it's time to come and see your NEW FREE magazine edition here. We now have a plan for the next twelve months editions, with a major topic theme and photographic theme in each one.  You will also start to see NEW regular features such as the one this month that looks in more detail at what the wildlife photographer can photograph in April.

Weekly editions gave us several problems, including that we wanted to get more coverage on major topics than we could undertake in a week, the editions were at times completely on a topic so if you weren't interested in that, then there wasn't anything for you and we had a problem completing many weeks so smaller articles on other topics just could not get done. We also had a problem in fitting in all those trips we make to visit places, take photographs and produce location guides, and monthly editions make this at least in theory, far easier.

What you will find is that the monthly edition has as much in as we produced over a month, but items covered are more varied and completed in each edition. Building on what we already have this will go from strength to strength.

This month we have:-

  • Feature - Castles in Wales and the Marcher Lordships, with lists, location guides and articles, plus how to go about photographing castles, and information on castles.

  • A number of picture galleries to go with some of the Location Guides.

  • A location guide in the area of Hodbarrow, nr Millom in Cumbria.

  • We look at our role, a magazine, newsletter, encyclopaedia....

  • We look at Red Kites, and where you can photograph them, with a location guide as well on what we think is the best place to see them.

  • We consider the benefits of experimental photography.

  • Feature - Take a look at Pinhole Photography, from theory, to how and why you would want to use it with your DSLR, with a number of articles and projects for you to try out.

  • We have details of a special stool in Africa and how you can get to photograph it.

  • We also have a new month in the Photographers Diary and an article for wildlife photographers on what can be photographed in April.

  • and a couple of great offers as well.

Red Kites at Grigrin Farm, Rhadyer, Powys

Image taken with Nikon D300, 70-300 @ 155mm lens  + 1.7 teleconverter, ISO1250, 1/640, F11. Edited in Capture NX2.


White Castle   White Castle

If this is your first visit or you haven't visited for a while, perhaps it would help if I told you that everything that has appeared in any newsletter/magazine and a lot more reference information is all indexed, so its easy to find. You can find information within the Topic Index, a geographic index by county (County Index) or in an alphabetical index (Alpha Index), plus we have a growing number of specialist sections as well. All our links have symbols by them showing you what you will get if you click on them, included are  = featured location guides,  = location guide,    = quick guide,   = route or area guide,   = list,  = articles,   = a section or a part of the website system   = picture galleries and  = external links to other websites. If you put a mouse pointer over any symbol you get to see what is means and if you click on any you get to see a full list.

With this edition we have a also introduced a new one AF = advertising feature. This is used for articles that have been written by or for someone to promote their services. These pages also have a unique green border, but we don't have any yet, so this is for future development.

Another new graphic is a Gallery button,    this when it appears in a Location Guide or in articles you may guess will take you directly to a gallery illustrating this place or technique, and these galleries have links to get you back again.

We introduced the first galleries in the special edition on Ghana a few months back, and these are in the Ghana portal and although we added the galleries button a few weeks back, this edition is the first to have galleries from the main site. With all our galleries you can go forward or backwards through the images, jump to one or more pages with large thumbnails and by clicking in any thumbnail jump back into the galleries at that point. Most of you will find that if you press F11 on your keyboard that it toggles the size of your top browser area, allowing you to see more on the screen, clicking F11 again will put it back to normal.

Another new feature are doorways, these are similar to the sections but allow us to create a simple address and having introduced the topic, drop them direct into the sections frame set. This is for people and websites with specific interests to allow direct access.  Each doorway has, in effect, a new entrance to Photographers Resource, just for people who have an interest in a subset of information, of course they can still access all the other content as well. You can see some of these shown directly from our home page, soon we will have far more of these and have a number of ways for people to get the links, including from a page of the sections index and from the Link to us pages, that come off the bottom of most pages. If you want to see a doorway take a look at the castle doorway   or pinhole photography doorway

Editorial - Magazine or Newsletter

Are we a magazine or a newsletter or a website ?

The whole edition that comes out now each month is a magazine, and this is what we have been producing for well over a year but up to now weekly. Within the magazine we always have a newsletter, this page in this edition, its what tells you what is added and links together the articles and other information to make it easier for you to use, and we hope, create interest in some of the subjects covered so that you feel you want to explore the articles and other information more. We also, in some cases, cover news items or short pieces of information in the newsletter, but as its the exception to our normal rule that everything is fully indexed, we try and avoid having information just in the newsletter that you may want to find again at a later date.

If you compare Photographers Resource with a printed magazine, you will see we have a number of differences. As you can't flick through a website, like you can a printed magazine, we use the newsletter to show you what is included, and we are not limited to a set size like a printed magazine, so can put in extensive lists and other information that a printed magazine would not have room for. If you were to print out everything in this edition then you would have several times the volume that would fit into a printed magazine. The other major difference is that a printed magazine edition stands alone, while our editions are part of the whole, by this we mean we can cover one topic and hyperlink previous articles or places featured, so that the more we cover the larger the resource collection that can be accessed. We also fully index our content in a range of ways, with new sections, direct access doorways and more, allowing different people to access directly sub sets of what we have as well as using the whole. So you could think of it as a magazine that is growing into an ever expanding encyclopaedia. We are also part of the web community, so we have links to other resources, particularly within our location guides, lists and further information pages, but we also have several sections that index largely other contents elsewhere including the reference section and to a degree the Photographers Diary where we identify what is on and when, and tell you where to then go for further information.

So the

  • Newsletter is what allows you to see what's been added, and see new content and information that is particularly relevant to you now.
  • Magazine is the whole edition, newsletter, articles, lists, location guides, picture galleries, route guides, and photographers diary that come out each month.
  • Photographers Resource is the overall encyclopaedic collection, that is fully indexed and accessible whenever you need it, constantly growing larger, and having more new tools and material types added.
  • Travellers Resource, not yet launched will join onto this, and cover information on how to get to and stay at places, with Photographers Resource expanding to include location guides and information in portals relating to different countries, like we have already with the Ghana portal.

The answer to the question we started this editorial with is that we are all of these and more. What is more, it is free, and available to you anywhere you can access the internet.


Castles of Wales and the Marcher Lordships

Wales has more castles by area than any other country, combined with the scenery, this provides photographers with some spectacular opportunities. Our feature article, linking to a number of others, is Castles of Wales.

Many of the larger castles came about at around the same time, either built for an English King or for the Marcher Lordships that were, at the time, between England and what was to later become the Welsh. The

Conwy Castle  

Conwy Castle,

Wales that has been created recently has no historic significance, occupying parts of what was England and the Marcher Lordships rather than what was originally the Welsh areas. To make it as easy as possible we have produced our lists covering Wales and the Marcher Lordships, although a small number of these are over the border in England today.

To give you a little history to go with this, explain how Wales became a part of England and its current path towards becoming a separate country, as well as an explanation of the Marcher Lordships and why there was a need for all these castles, we have an article Wales - a potted history, plus an article explaining the Castles of Wales and the Marcher Lordships. This may raise more questions in your mind for example, why did  English Kings, including Edward I, conquer and then leave the welsh princes in positions of power, to cause more trouble, why spend so much on building all the castles to keep these people in check, when they could so easily have been replaced. An English Lord would have been in the tower or lost his head. Ultimately this did end up being the chosen solution, but why not sooner.

Castell Coch

Castle Coch

In some castle terminology explained we look at the names of what some parts of the castle are called as well as some castle types. While in castles in use we look at the development of the castle, how their use and needs changed and why they fell into disrepair. In images of castles from the past we look at some representations we can see of castles at past points, some of these images are available from this website, with more becoming available over time. We show examples in this article of recent photos and images from just over 100 years ago.

There were probably a very large number of castles in Wales, we have so far identified over 600, and of these well over 100 have remains that you can visit and see. We have produced a number of  listings one is a listing of the most interesting and complete ones in the list top castles in Wales and the Marcher Lordships, that you are more likely to want to visit. There are around 60 on this list, but they are graded by how interesting you are likely to find the sites, allowing you to decide which ones you want to see.


A set of larger lists, allowing you to see what other sites exist, and gives you links to other places where the others are mentioned or covered. If the name in the left column is hyperlinked then we also have a location guides for that one as well. We have this available as both an alpha listing broken into pages and as a number of pages by county.

In both list types we have linked the location guides that we have produced so far, and this includes all of the highest graded castles in Wales on our top castles list. We have also produced picture galleries to go with 8 of them, and will add more over time. The intention is to have location guides for all of the castles on the shorter listing, plus some of the others and also as many picture galleries as we are able to.

Raglan Castle

Raglan Castle,

Location guides we have available now for castles in Wales and the Marcher Lordships are Beaumaris Castle, Bodelwyddan Castle, Caernarfon Castle, Caerphilly Castle, Caldicot Castle, Cardiff Castle, Castell Coch, Chepstow Castle, Chirk Castle, Conwy Castle, Criccieth Castle, Grosmont Castle, Harlech Castle,   Kidwelly Castle, Pembroke Castle, Penrhyn Castle  Raglan Castle, Rhuddlan Castle, Skenfrith Castle, Tretower Court and Castle, White Castle, plus we have galleries, selections of photographs in addition to the location guides now for Caernarfon Castle, Caerphilly Castle, Caldicot Castle, Chepstow Castle, Castle Coch, Conwy Castle, Harlech Castle, Raglan Castle, Grosmont Castle, Skenfrith Castle, Tretower Court & Castle, and White Castle. We have concentrated to start largely on those that are on the welsh side of the current border.

To assist you when you want to photograph these we have an article how to photograph a castle.

Harlech Castle  

Harlech Castle

You will find in the topic section under heritage, that we have already got quite a lot of location guides on  castles, earthworks and hill forts, so its likely we will have some near you. We have another feature in development covering castles in England and at some point we will also add the Scottish castles as well.  We are still looking forward to seeing some more of the castles in all the listings and so you will get to see updates and extra ones as we progress.  Take a look now at the NEW castle section, that  links together all that is available now.

Many of the welsh castles are managed by CADW, who have a poor website with little information on each, and handouts are not much better as they are written one way up in English and the other way in Welsh, so you have only half the area of other handouts for information. However they do have good guide books, written in a

single language, available on most of their major properties, and when you visit one you are likely to find you can pick up a collection of the guide books for places you wish to visit. The Caerphilly Castle guide for example is 50 pages in colour throughout with a flip out plan, and illustrations that include exploded views, artists impressions and photographs, realistically you can't read them as you walk around, so getting hold of one before may make the visit more informative, as well as where there are pay and display car parks you will have a better idea how long you expect to be there.

Entry to CADW sites is FREE to CADW members and English Heritage members who have been a member for more than a year, English Heritage members in their first year get a 50% discount. Entry is also free for Welsh residents aged 60 and over or 16 and under who have a valid pass.

You will find that CADW do a good job of both managing the sites and maintaining the properties and staff are helpful.

This is a good time of year to visit these castles, even the most popular ones are not very busy at the moment, so you can, where you want to, get far more photographs without people in. Added to this is, roads have less traffic, easier parking, and where you are going up and down circular staircases in towers its far easier when you don't have to allow for others going the opposite way.

Caldicot Castle

Caldicot Castle,

Red Kites, and where you can photograph them

Red kites, became nearly extinct in Britain, and have been supported with feeding stations in a number of areas, find out more about Red Kites, where to photograph them and more in our article on Red Kite . The best known of the feeding stations is Gigrin Farm in mid Wales, where Kites are fed at 2pm in winter and 3pm in British summer time. This has been now happening for 16 years and at some times of the year up to 400 kites are visiting. As well as the standard hides they now have some especially for photographers.  We have a location guide on Gigrin Farm,  Red Kite Feeding Station. On a recent trip there, between two of us we took over 1,000 photographs, and we had a large number that could have been included within galleries but we had to keep the numbers reasonable. Take a look at the Girgrin Farm Gallery and the larger Red Kite Gallery.

We have also produced a  full list of feeding stations and other locations that you may be able see kites in  Where to Photograph Red Kites .


Experimental Photography

In the article experimental photography, we look at the benefits you can get from being curious, and doing your own experiments.  The experience that you gain from experimenting makes the difference between a person who has to constantly ask for assistance and the person who can give it.

Below we are looking in some depth, in this months photographic feature, at Pinhole Photography, with a range of the articles, having detailed experiments that you can duplicate, before deciding what additional ones you would like to try, and all we had to find to do this was a sheet of black card, some kitchen foil, a few elastic bands and some cellotape. It makes a change to find a branch of photography that has no cost involved.

Generally you will find experimental photography is not something that costs a great deal as you are frequently getting more out of what you have or looking at how to use items that you already have.

Photographic Feature

Pinhole Photography - yes you can do it with your DSLR

Pinhole cameras have been around for over 2,000 years, probably twice that, used as a tool of the painter, and later to take some early photographs. Today they are still used for some applications and for artistic work, with  photographers specialising in this area. In the article pinhole cameras,   we examine this in far more depth, explain why they work, and more. In the project article Pringle tube pinhole camera   we look at how you can make a demonstration of the pinhole effect in around 5 minutes.

In a pinhole for your DSLR  we have a more useful project that shows in detail how you can take off the lens of your DSLR and easily use it to take pinhole pictures.  We extend this further in the article using a pinhole to get a zoom/wide angle effect Those of you who have had the benefit of attending the Camera Images Hands on a Nikon training day will recognise the first few illustrations in this article, on how you get a wide angle or telephoto one as the first they have seen on the training day. In the article using a pinhole to simulate the rising front on a camera we look at the equivalent of a perspective correction lens, or raising the front on an older camera.

In each of these articles we show you images we have taken without any lens being used as well as the in depth details of how we achieved them. This gives you all the information to allow you to undertake some experimental photography in this area.

Three further pinhole articles look at pinholes that you can buy. In pinhole Adaptor we look at a device that fits instead of your lens, in pinholes from the Pinhole Factory we look at pinholes that you can purchase to use in your own home-made arrangements or experiments and in pinhole kit Mk3  we look at using some of these pinholes in a further project to make a more elaborate pinhole device to allow you a wider range of experimenting or photography. Plus we have links and other information for those who want to go on and study this further in pinhole cameras - further information. This is all linked together in a new Pinhole section, that is a part of the photography section.

With World Pinhole Day on the 26th of April, perhaps its a good time to take a fresh look at pinhole effects and pinhole photography. Pinhole photographers are invited to take a picture with a pinhole camera during the 24 hours on that day and then submit it, see World Pinhole Day . We intend to take part this year and next month hope to have a gallery to show you what we achieved.

Did you know NASA has, this year, commissioned a pinhole camera of $3 billion. We mention this in the article on  pinhole cameras , while they have a large budget, you can have a go at pinhole photography with no budget at all, and within most of our articles, looking at pinhole photography, we restricted ourselves to doing just this, using what we had with only basically stationary items needed. Even if you decide to buy a pinhole or an adaptor, it will not cost you very much.

The Golden Stool

In Ghana there is a very special stool, known as The Golden Stool. It has a history coming from a period  that involves many elements that are similar to the legends from the period of King Arthur and Merlin here, complete with a sword that is in the ground and can still be seen today, and a wizard. Unlike the British legends, the items still exist, and the item held in highest esteem is the 'Golden Stool', that only the King of the Ashanti's can sit on, although usually the stool itself has a chain. This stool is very rarely seen, unlike the sword that can be visited by anyone. Every 5 years however its is shown at the THE ADDAE KESE FESTIVAL, which takes place this year on the 26th April. This year its a very special event, larger than most with a large number of people in traditional costume. 

It is very difficult to find photographs of the Golden Stool, so this event provides the opportunity to get some, as well as I am sure a great deal more. To see more on Ghana or help with planning a trip there, see our Ghana portal , Slutch Tours,  Abacar Tours or Ghana tourism . Camera Images also offer a VIP experience, a week or more of 1 to 1 photography training, and escorted in this very special country.

Other Location Guides

As well as all the castle location guides in this issue, we also have a featured location guide on Hodbarrow, near Millom in Cumbria. Here you will find plenty to photograph including two lighthouses, one of stone, which was built in 1866 and was paraffin fuelled and the other built of steel in 1905 to replace the earlier was electric. Hodbarrow Windmill standing high above Hodbarrow Point, was used to pump water from the nearby pits, when the pumps were turned off in 1968 the area behind the Outer Barrier began to fill with water and now a 200 acre lagoon exists, which is rich in wildlife. During the winter months the lagoon is home to between 5,000-10,000 wildfowl. One of Hodbarrow's big attractions is the Natterjack Toad, this is a highly protected species, and care should be taken to not distrub them. As well as this it is also surrounded by fantastic scenery including the Duddon Estuary and Black Combe fell at 1970' as a stunning backdrop, and the Coniston and Scafell ranges can be seen in the distance, added to this the West Cumbrian Coast is claimed to have some of the best sunsets of anywhere in the world, there are landscapes and seascapes are a plenty. To find out more about and to see some illustrations of what can be seen on a visit to this coastal location see our location guide on Hodbarrow.


Outer Barrier Lighthouse by Trevor Kirk

Some Great Offers

2 for 1 offer  April special - 2 days training 1 to 1, for the price of a single day  Practical, Experimental and Pinhole photography with Camera Images. In these two days you get to undertake experimental photography, looking at pinhole photography experimenting with depth of field and a number of other variables one day, and go out the second day to do real photography, utilising a lot of what you have learnt, but using your camera fairly normally. This is a special course that is not in their normal programme. The second day could alternatively concentrate on wildlife photography and gaining experience with very long lenses. To book COURSE PR1 just call Camera Images or book online, but remember to pay for one day instead of two, if you book within April. This course is a special one for our readers, its not on their website. With this offer you can pay by cheque or credit card online, but NOT training vouchers.

Free pair of NIKON 8x36 waterproof Binoculars, if you book and pay for any 2 Masterclasses with Photography Skills and add code PR/PS1, if  booked and paid for in the month of April. You don't have to attend the Masterclass in April, you get the binoculars if you book and pay for them within April. With this offer you can pay by cheque or credit card online, but NOT training vouchers.


The Photographers Diary

The wheel of the year turns again and we now show the photographers diary for April with the new page for May as well. Highlights in April include the GWR Spring Diesel Gala, this weekend 4th and 5th April. The Blossom Trail runs from the 8th to 30th April, a car drive amongst the fruit orchards between Evesham and Worcester. The World Coal Carrying Championships at Gawthorpe, nr Wakefield in Yorkshire on the 13th, and the London Marathon on Sunday 26th. In May the two bank holiday periods during this month has a variety of different spectacles going on in all parts of the UK including the Weymouth International Beach Kite Festival and its International Firework Display in Dorset or the Sweeps Festival in Rochester, Kent are held over the weekend of 2nd-4th May, Badminton Horse Trials takes place from 7th-10th, National Mills Weekend, for getting a chance to see some of the Windmills in action this year, is the 9th and 10th May, and don't forget to take a look at our Windmill section to identify those you might want to visit. The Sealed Knot are putting on a battle re-enactment at Loosely Park, Guildford, Surrey over the bank holiday weekend of 23rd-25th May and of course the annual Cheese Rolling event in Gloucestershire is around gain on the 25th May, take a look at our Featured Guide for details and pictures of previous years tumbles, and our article on how to go about photographing a cheese rolling event.

To see details of all these activities and more take a look now for all events of April and May by taking the The Month and Next Month buttons from the Photographers Diary button.

For the wildlife and nature photographer April is an  interesting month. We have an article looking at what may be able to be seen at  Wildlife photography in April, but don't overlook the Nature and Wildlife calendar - April which is in the photographers diary section. This is the first of what we plan to add each month looking at what the nature and wildlife photographer can photograph in the month ahead in detail.

Summary of Articles Included in this issue

Castles of Wales

How To Photograph a Castle

Castle terminology explained  

Castles in use

Wales - a potted history 

Images of castles from the past  

Experimental photography

Pinhole Cameras

A pinhole for your DSLR

Using a pinhole to simulate the rising front on a camera

Using a pinhole to Get a zoom/wide angle effect 

Pringle tube pinhole camera 

Pinhole cameras - further information  

Pinhole Kit MK3

Pinholes from the Pinhole Factory

Pinhole Adaptor

Wildlife photography in April  

Red Kite

Lists Added

Where to Photograph Red Kites

Top Welsh & Marcher Lordship Castles

Castles of Wales & Marcher Lordships

Welsh County Lists for 


















Locations Guides Added

Beaumaris Castle, Anglesey  

Bodelwyddan Castle, Denbighshire

Caernarfon Castle, Caernarfonshire

Caerphilly Castle, Glamorganshire

Caldicot Castle, Monmouthshire

Cardiff Castle, Glamorgan

Castell Coch, Glamorgan

Chepstow Castle, Monmouthshire  

Chirk Castle, Denbighshire  

Conwy Castle, Caernarfonshire

Criccieth Castle, Caernarfonshire

Gigrin Farm - Red Kite Feeding Station, Radnorshire

Grosmont Castle, Monmouthshire

Harlech Castle,  Merioneth

Hodbarrow, Millom, Cumbria   

Kidwelly Castle, Carmarthenshire

Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire

Penrhyn Castle, Caernarfonshire

Raglan Castle, Monmouthshire

Rhuddlan Castle, Denbighshire

Skenfrith Castle, Monmouthshire

Tretower Court and Castle, Brecknockshire 

White Castle,  Monmouthshire  

Galleries Added

Caernarfon Castle,

Caerphilly Castle,

Caldicot Castle,

Chepstow Castle,

Castle Coch,

Conwy Castle,

Grosmont Castle

Harlech Castle,

Raglan Castle,

Skenfrith Castle

Tretower Court & Castle

White Castle

Red Kite

Girgrin Farm



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